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What is Medical Assistance in Dying?

Medical Assistance in Dying (MAID) is a medical procedure. It involves the administration of medications to intentionally and safely end the life of an adult patient who meets strict legal criteria, at the request of the patient. In Canada, Bill C-14  governs who is eligible, and the processes under which MAID can be delivered to a patient.

Who is eligible to receive MAID?

Patients wishing to receive MAID must meet all criteria outlined by Federal Law. To learn more about the criteria, please see the Frequently Asked Questions  (FAQ).

It is important to note that the medical condition of people approaching end of life can change rapidly and may result in a loss of capacity. If this occurs, the patient will no longer be eligible for MAID.

How does the process work?

A physician or nurse practitioner will discuss a patient’s medical condition with them and their loved ones. They will make sure that the patient has considered all the services or treatments that are available. These may include comfort care, pain control, hospice care, palliative care or other options.

Should the patient choose to go ahead with MAID, they are informed that they can change their mind and stop the process at any time.

Not all physicians and health professionals are willing to participate in this procedure; therefore, your physician or nurse practitioner may choose to refer you to another practitioner.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

For more information on MAID, please see our FAQs (PDF).

MAID Resources


If you have questions, please discuss them with your physician or with a member of your health-care team. For more information about MAID, contact The Ottawa Hospital MAID Program: MAID Information is also available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week through the Ontario MAID Care Coordination Service information line at 1-866-286-4023.