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Assistive Listening Devices (A.L.D.s)
Devices that a hard of hearing person may use alone or with a hearing aid to improve hearing and speech understanding, or hear signals like the doorbell ringing.

Auditory Brainstem Testing
A test that measures hearing nerve function.

Aural Rehabilitation
Provides tools to the hearing-impaired person to improve the effectiveness of their overall communication ability.

Impedance Testing
A test that measures middle ear function to help physicians in diagnosing conditions such as middle ear infection.

Meniere’s Disease
An inner ear disorder that typically involves hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo.

Otoacoustic Emissions Testing (O.A.E.’S)
A test that measures sounds produced by the cochlea (inner ear).

Otosclerosis
A condition affecting the middle ear and resulting in a gradual loss of hearing.

Speechreading
A communication strategy that uses visual cues to enhance understanding of speech. Comprehension of speech is accomplished through visual interpretation of lip and facial movements and general body gestures.

Tinnitus
Tinnitus can present as ringing, whistling, clicking or buzzing noises in the ear or head. Causes vary and include exposure to noise, hearing loss and ototoxic medication.